Capital sharp s (ẞ) is the majuscule of eszett. Sharp s is unique among the letters of the Latin alphabet in that it has no traditional upper case form. This is because it never occurs word-initially in German text, and traditional German printing (which used blackletter) never used all-caps. When using all-caps, traditional spelling rules required the replacement of ß with SS. However, in 2010, the use of the capital ẞ became mandatory in official documentation in Germany when writing geographical names in all-caps.
There have been repeated attempts to introduce a majuscule ß. Such letterforms can be found in some old German books dating back to the late 19th century and some later signage and product design. One of the best known examples is the East German 1957 Duden.
Inclusion in Universal Character Set
A proposal by Andreas Stötzner to the Unicode Consortium for the inclusion of capital double s in the Universal Character Set was rejected in 2004, on the basis that capital ß is a typographical issue, and therefore not suitable for character encoding. A reworked version of Stötzner's proposal was submitted on 25 April 2007 by DIN. The proposal suggested the Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SHARP S. The proposal has been adopted and the character was added as Unicode character "ẞ" U+1E9E LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SHARP S when Unicode 5.1 was released, on 4 April 2008.
Capital is a type of good that can be consumed now, but if consumption is deferred, an increased supply of consumable goods is likely to be available later. Adam Smith defines capital as "That part of a man's stock which he expects to afford him revenue is called his capital." Capital is derived from the Latin word "caput" meaning head, as in "head of cattle". The term "stock" is derived from the Old English word for stump or tree trunk, i.e. something that grows over time. It has been used to refer to all the moveable property of a farm since at least 1510. In Middle Ages France contracted leases and loans bearing interest specified payment in heads of cattle.
How a capital good is maintained or returned to its pre-production state varies with the type of capital involved. In most cases capital is replaced after a depreciation period as newer forms of capital make continued use of current capital non profitable. It is also possible that advances make an obsolete form of capital practical again.
A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the location at which bones connect. They are constructed to allow movement (except for skull, sacral, sternal, and pelvic bones) and provide mechanical support, and are classified structurally and functionally.
Joints are mainly classified structurally and functionally. Structural classification is determined by how the bones connect to each other, while functional classification is determined by the degree of movement between the articulating bones. In practice, there is significant overlap between the two types of classifications.
Terms ending in the suffix-sis are singular and refer to just one joint, while -ses is the suffix for pluralization.
An articulate facet is generally seen as a small joint, especially used when speaking of the joints of the ribs.
Structural classification (binding tissue)
Structural classification names and divides joints according to the type of binding tissue that connects the bones to each other. There are three structural classifications of joints:
A building joint is a junction where building elements meet without applying a static load from one element to another. When one or more of these vertical or horizontal elements that meet are required by the local building code to have a fire-resistance rating, the resulting opening that makes up the joint must be firestopped in order to restore the required compartmentalisation.
Whether or not the building elements forming the joint have a fire-resistance rating, the joint design must still consider the anticipated operational movement of each joint. Timing is also important, as freshly poured concrete shrinks particularly during the first few months of a new building, potentially causing joint size changes.
A kinematic pair is a connection between two bodies that imposes constraints on their relative movement. Franz Reuleaux introduced the kinematic pair as a new approach to the study of machines that provided an advance over the motion of elements consisting of simple machines.
Kinematics is the branch of classical mechanics which describes the motion of points, bodies (objects) and systems of bodies (groups of objects) without consideration of the causes of motion. Kinematics as a field of study is often referred to as the "geometry of motion". For further detail, see Analytical dynamics.
Hartenberg & Denavit presents the definition of a kinematic pair:
A lower pair is an ideal joint that constrains contact between a surface in the moving body to a corresponding surface in the fixed body. A lower pair is one in which there occurs a surface or area contact between two members, e.g. nut and screw, universal joint used to connect two propeller shafts.
Cases of lower joints:
As of now, Clarke serves as the director of strategic plans and policy for the Pentagon’s Joint Staff. He also served as operation officer at JointSpecial Operations Command when the Pentagon initiated the raid that killed Osama Bin Laden... In the past, Wolters has served as the operations officer on the Joint Staff at the Pentagon ... He has years of experience in the nation's capital as well as in war zones in Iraq and Afghanistan....
/ Courtesy of Shinhan Bank. By Jhoo Dong-chan. Shinhan Bank has formed an alliance with KT to jointly develop a blockchain technology-based service. The nation's second-largest lender by total assets said Wednesday that it signed an agreement with KT to jointly establish a blockchain platform to capitalize on regional governments' recent moves to introduce digital vouchers ... ....
"We will not allow Yemen to become a vehicle for the influence of non-Arab forces, or a platform on which to threaten the security and stability of Arab nations or the freedom of navigation in the Red Sea and Bab al-Mandeb," Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi said last week in a joint press conference with his Yemeni counterpart Hadi in the EgyptiancapitalCairo....
His investment in an Italian soccer team had more to do with opportunity than heritage, though, since the league was undervalued and the team, based in an iconic global capital, could be developed into an international brand. His joint purchase of Roma was sandwiched between Red Sox owner John Henry’s takeover of English Premier League club ......
Donal Buckley. August 18 2018 2.30 AM ...Independent.ie ... Email ... One of the biggest developers is a joint venture between two international firms, HarrisonStreetReal EstateCapital and GSA, a Dubai group, which together are currently developing four facilities with a total of 1,325 beds ... When completed by 2020, the joint venture will have 3,225 Irish beds which they will market through the international Uninest brand ... ....
Author. Reuters ID ... What’s more, those amounts are only equivalent to a small proportion of Gazprom’s annual capital spending of $22 billion ... In 2013, for example, a year before the first Western sanctions, Rosneft alone borrowed more than $35 billion from Western institutions to buy smaller rival TNK-BP and to fund its capital spending. There has been a similar shift in joint ventures between Russian and Western companies....
Joshi to the standing committee ... There were huge vacancies in respect of the quarters allotted to officers of AP in Hyderabad, declared as the jointcapital for 10 years, under deemed pool system in different areas like Banjara Hills, Kundan Bagh, Punjagutta, Errum Manzil, Patigadda, Saifabad, Madannapet, Kaladera and Malakpet areas ... Mr ... “These properties can only be shared and cannot be physically taken away,” Mr ... .......
Inc., a subsidiary of the Company, acted as joint book-running managers for the offering and BB&T Capital Markets, a division of BB&T Securities, LLC, and Incapital LLC acted as co-managers for the offering....
The measures introduced on Aug ... What's more, those amounts are only equivalent to a small proportion of Gazprom's annual capital spending of $22 billion ... In 2013, for example, a year before the first Western sanctions, Rosneft alone borrowed more than $35 billion from Western institutions to buy smaller rival TNK-BP and to fund its capital spending ... There has been a similar shift in joint ventures between Russian and Western companies ... ....